Distinguish, differentiate, compare and explain what is the Difference between Isotopes and Isobars. Comparison and Differences.
Isotopes is one series of nuclides have the same atomic number, but a different number of neutrons. Isotopes are atoms of the same element that have different mass numbers. They have the same number of protons, but different numbers of neutrons. They exhibit the same chemical properties. Examples : A carbon atom: It has 6 protons and 6 neutrons we call it “carbon-12” 12C6 because it has an atomic mass of 12. One useful isotope of carbon is “carbon-14”, 14C6 which has 6 protons and 8 neutrons. Another example is the oxygen isotopes 15O8, 16O8, 17O8, 18O8.
Isobars are the atoms which have different atomic number (the element is different) but the mass number is same. Example 14N7
Difference between Isotopes and Isobars
1. Isotope have same atomic number. Isobars have different atomic number.
2. Isotopes have different mass number. Isobars have same mass number.
3. In Isotopes, number of proton are same. In Isobars, number of proton are different.
4. Isotopes occur at same place in periodic table. Isobars occur at different place in periodic table.
Differences between Isotopes and Isobars
Comparison between Isobars and Isotopes
Differentiate between Isotopes and Isobars
Compare between Isobars and Isotopes