Distinguish, differentiate, compare and explain what is the Difference between Turbine and Pump. Comparison and Differences.
Difference between Turbine and Pump
1. In terms of flow of energy: In turbine, input is of hydraulic energy (water under pressure) and output is of mechanical energy (torque of the shaft). In pump, input is of mechanical energy (torque of the shaft) and output is of hydraulic energy (water under pressure).
2. Hydraulic pressure head: Available turbine head decreases with increasing flow (friction losses). Total dynamic head to be generated by pump increases with increasing flow.
3. Direction of rotation: Turbine runner rotates in the opposite direction of a pump impeller.
4. Direction of Torque: In both, in the turbine and in the pump direction of torques is in the same direction.