Distinguish, differentiate, compare and explain what is the difference between N-type and P-type semiconductor.

Comparison and Difference between N-type and P-type semiconductor

  • N-type is an extrinsic semiconductor which is obtained by doping the pentavalent impurity atoms such as phosphorous, arsenic etc to the pure germanium or silicon semiconductor. P-type is an extrinsic semiconductor which is obtained by doping trivalent impurity atoms such as boron, gallium, indium etc to the pure germanium or silicon semiconductor.
  • In N-type, the impurity atoms added provide extra electrons in the structure and are called donar atoms. In P-type, the impurity atoms added create vacancies of electrons (i.e. holes ) in the structure and are called acceptor atoms.
  • In N-type, the electrons are majority charge carriers and the holes are minority charge carriers. In P-type the holes are majority charge carriers and the electrons are minority charge carriers.
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About Author: Jeniffer Fleming