Similarities between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells

There are two true types of cells, prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Let’s see the main similarities between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

Eukaryotic cells usually have multiple chromosomes, composed of DNA and protein. Eukaryotic cells contain a nucleus and various other special compartments surrounded by membranes, called organelles. The nucleus is where the DNA (chromatin) is stored. Organelles give eukaryotic cells more functions than prokaryotic cells.

Prokaryotic cells are usually smaller and simpler than eukaryotic cells. They do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound organelles. In prokaryotic cells, the DNA or genetic material which is located in the main part of the cell forms a single large circle that coils up on itself.

Similarities between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells

1. The presence of RNA and the genetic material, i.e., the presence of DNA is common between the two cells.

2. Both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells have a cell membrane covering them. The plasma membrane, or cell membrane, is the phospholipid layer that surrounds the cell and protects them from the outside environment.

3. Both resemblances in their basic chemical structures as they are made up of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acid, minerals, fats, and vitamins.

4. Both of them have ribosomes, which make proteins. Ribosomes are the non-membrane bound organelles where proteins are made, a process called protein synthesis.

5. Both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells have structures in common. They have cytoplasm, with all the contents of the cell inside the cell membrane, not including the nucleus.

6. They regulate the flow of nutrients and waste matter that enters and exits the cellulose.

7. Basic life processes like photosynthesis and reproduction are carried out by them.

8. Both have a cytoskeleton within the cell to support them. They have a thin extension of the plasma membrane which is supported by the cytoskeleton.

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About Author: Jeniffer Fleming